The Wealth of Nations
The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith in 1776 reset the foundation and transformed our understanding of market economy. Today after more than 200 years, the economic principles as written in the book are still relevant in assuring economic prosperity of individuals and institutions. The history of challenging the economic principles of the book by theories and real practices was fully littered with failures of not only experiencing economic casualty but also suffering humanitarian casualty. The success of economic principles of The Wealth of Nations in theory and practice was the outcome of selection by ordinary people and the real fact is that it will survive the selection by ordinary people for unforeseeable years. The book is a rare one that was written 200 years ago and is stilling governing our economic success in real life.
On the Origin of Species
On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin in 1859 reset the foundation and transformed our understanding of biology by science of evolution. There is not a book as this one has deeply influenced modern society and thought in such a wide possibility that we could not predicate. After more than 160 years, the book is finding the solid support and relevance in modern molecule biology that is enabled by DNA discovery and maturing DNA sequencing technologies. On the other hand, in a few tech industries, a set of named technological laws of successfully forecasting our engineering abilities on molecule level to advance the industries are also support of the idea about the origin of species in the book. In fact, the book is a rare one that was written 160 years ago and still contributes our explanation to the real world in the leading way.
On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation
On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation by David Ricardo in 1817 reset the foundation and transformed our understanding of global trade by comparative advantage. The book was the theoretical foundation of global trade triggering globalization. While so called globalization is facing many challenges today, the book will continue give us insight and contribute explanation and governance of the future global trade and globalization. Further, comparative advantage in the book will be relevant with us by showing the power of reshaping the landscape of the nations on the planet that is much beyond global trade. The book is a rare one written 200 years ago and still enables and help us expand understanding of the nations and their relations by trade that may not always create mutual benefit and may sometimes create unexpected damage.
The Theory of the Leisure Class
The Theory of Leisure Class by Thorstein Veblen in 1899 reset the foundation and formulated our understanding of classical economics and technology by introducing tribalism into economic analysis. The book argues that a highly decentralized institute by intelligence and power of scientists and engineers is going to evolve the institute productivity to a level that we never imagine with a minimum waste by leisure class. After more than 120 years, the idea of tech determinism pioneered in the book is still relevant with us by a successfully undergoing transformation of U.S. economy into a knowledge and tech powered economy. Emerging of giant tech industries and much bigger role that scientists and engineers play in the tech industries are a proof that the book will continue explaining the impact of tech on society in the leading way.
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy by Isaac Newton in 1687 reset the foundation and formulated our understanding of classical mechanics that is also named as Newton mechanics. Today after more than 300 years, the laws of motion and universal gravitation as written in the book are still relevant with us. The trace of the book is found in class rooms, research papers, and products backed by the laws and used by us. Application of Newton mechanics in conjunction with the other scientific disciplines is still showing the livelihood of the book as one of original forces to driving innovation of producing great products. Principia is a rare one written 300 years and the ambitious physicists working on geometrizing the fundamental forces are indeed building a complementarity theory that Newton gravity is still an essential part.